Adenoidectomy is a surgical procedure which involves the removal of a lymphoid tissue or adenoids which are found at the back portion of the nose. These lymphoid tissues are important in protecting the body against the attack of viruses and bacteria that can trigger infections. They produce antibodies that fight against bacteria and viruses that enter through the nose.
Adenoids are only present in children. The lymphoid tissue begins to grow at birth and it reaches its maximum size when the child is approximately five years old. As the child gets older, the size of the adenoids diminishes and on his adulthood, adenoids are completely eradicated.
There are a number of factors that cause adenoid inflammation. Enlarged adenoids can be triggered by a bacterial or viral infection. When the adenoids are irritated, they can also enlarge. There are a number of substances that cause allergic reactions which can lead to the enlargement of the adenoids. There are even cases where adenoids are already enlarged in the womb before the baby is born.
The most common symptoms of an enlarged adenoid include breathing through the mouth, difficulty in breathing through the nose, snoring, sleep apnea, constant runny nose, inflammation of the middle ear, chronic middle ear infections and frequent occurrence of sinusitis symptoms.
Many children would find breathing through the mouth very uncomfortable because it causes the lips to crack and mouth to dry. Meanwhile, enlarged adenoids can cause children to fall asleep because of their disturbed breathing pattern. Sleep apnea, a condition characterized sudden pause in breathing while sleeping, is also one of the most serious health complications of an untreated enlarged adenoid. Sleep apnea can cause the victim to suffer from excessive sleepiness during the daytime and it can affect the normal functioning of an individual.
When adenoids enlarge, it would be best to seek for immediate medical treatment to prevent any serious health complications in the future. Adenoidectomy is often recommended by doctors to alleviate the symptoms of adenoid enlargement.
There are cases where adenoidectomy may not be necessary but there are really cases where the surgical procedure is strongly advised to eradicate the disturbing symptoms of the condition. In fact, severe cases of enlarged adenoids can interfere in the daily normal functioning of an individual. Adenoidectomy becomes necessary when the symptoms of an enlarged adenoid cause a lot of discomfort to the victim.
If medication could not alleviate the symptoms of the condition, adenoidectomy also becomes necessary. Adenoidectomy also becomes essential when the child suffers from chronic ear and sinus infections which can lead to temporary hearing loss. Furthermore, adenoidectomy becomes essential when the adenoids frequently bleed and it causes severe obstruction in the airway. If the victim is diagnosed with tonsil cancer, adenoidectomy should also be performed.
Adenoidectomy is actually a surgical procedure that entails limited amount of risk. The removal of adenoids will not put the patient to an increased risk of developing an infection. In fact, studies show that the body is still capable of dealing with the attack of bacteria and viruses without the help of adenoids.
Until now, there is no known alternative treatment to adenoidectomy. Many doctors would recommend antibiotics for a couple of weeks however, antibiotics are not the ultimate solution to swollen adenoids because they cannot completely eradicate the presence of bacteria that trigger the condition. Adenoidectomy is still considered as the ultimate solution to improve the disturbing symptoms of swollen adenoids in children.
Adenoidectomy should only be performed by a professional ears, nose and throat surgeon!
Normally, the adenoidectomy only lasts for 15-30 minutes. General anesthesia is required during the adenoidectomy to prevent the child from suffering from pain during the procedure. Adenoids can be removed by scraping it using a special instrument known as curette. Adenoids can also be removed by applying heat on the adenoids usiang a special instrument known as diathermy. The device can produce high frequency electric currents that release heat waves.
In cases where tonsils are greatly affected by the virus or bacteria that infects the adenoid, tonsillectomy, or the removal of tonsils, can also be prescribed by doctors. During the last 50 years, adenoidectomy has been associated with tonsillectomy. In fact, adenoidectomy and tonsillectomy are performed together to prevent the further spread of infection.
After performing adenoidectomy, it is normal for the child to suffer from pain in the jaw, throat and ears. Painkillers are of great help in dealing with the pain. The child can eat 3-4 hours after the operation but he is more likely to suffer from difficulty in swallowing the food. A few days after the operation, significant improvement can be noticed from the patient. In fact, infections linked with swollen adenoids are gradually eliminated.